Luxembourg is a small country but it’s beautiful to see and whether you decide to be in Luxembourg for one day or longer you will find lots of options below of what to do in Luxembourg city but also things to do in the rest of Luxembourg.
Many people ask “But how many days in Luxembourg?” and my answer is that you need at least 3-4 days to see the whole country. If you plan to spend in Luxembourg one day then I would certainly recommend only spending this time in Luxembourg sightseeing in the capital Luxembourg City.
Luxembourg is a very small country, only 51 miles long by 35 miles wide (82km by 56km) and you can see a lot in 1, 2 or 3 days. The capital of Luxembourg is Luxembourg City and the Luxembourg population is 590,000. Most of the population lives in Luxembourg City with the rest of the country being mostly rural with forests, gorges and river valleys. There are over 100 castles to visit in Luxembourg.
Where is Luxembourg
Luxembourg is in Europe and is a landlocked country, meaning that it is surrounded by land and has no sea borders. It is a small country only 998 miles squared (2,585 km squared). It is surrounded by Belgium, France and Germany. As Luxembourg is in the Schengen region it is easy to travel throughout Europe to and from Luxembourg.
How to get to Luxembourg City
Luxembourg airport is located 4 miles outside of Luxembourg City. Click here for more information on flights to Luxembourg. Luxembourg airport to the city is very easy to do, buses 16 and 29 take you to the city centre via the train station and are free. All public transport within Luxembourg has been free since March 2020.
You can also get buses to France, Belgium and Germany too, so if you want to visit Luxembourg from these countries it is very easy to do so. Luxembourg is only 3 hours by bus or 3 and a half hours by train from Brussels, so if you are are staying in Brussels, it is easy to do an overnight to Luxembourg City or to visit Brussels while you are in Luxembourg.
Click here for more information on the buses from Luxembourg Airport. A taxi should cost you around 25-30 Euro to the city centre/train station.
Things to do in Luxembourg in 2 days
I spent a total of 5 days in Luxembourg and one of those days I did a day trip to Trier, Germany as I had allocated 2 days to see Luxembourg City, but unless you are planning on visiting a few museums then only 1 day in Luxembourg city is needed.
Here is my Luxembourg itinerary 1 day and what I would recommend if you only have 2 days in Luxembourg or 3 days in Luxembourg.
If you only have 2 days in Luxembourg then I recommend that you spend 1 day seeing the capital Luxembourg City and the other day exploring the castles in Luxembourg.
What to do in Luxembourg In One Day
If you can only visit Luxembourg in 1 day, then my 1 day Luxembourg itinerary would be that you want to spend that day exploring Luxembourg City, it is a beautiful city and one I fell in love with in minutes. The old town ( ville haute quarter ) is where you want to spend most of your time, make sure you visit the old Luxembourg city center and main square, also walking along the river that runs around the old town and trying to fit time in to visit one of the many museums that Luxembourg city has.
The Best places to see in Luxembourg City are:
These are the underground tunnels that run for 23km underneath Luxembourg City, the original tunnels were built in 1644. They are normally open from March to November, though you will need to check as they are currently closed to the public.
Chemin de Corniche
This is the walk around the old city wall that was built in the 17th century, here you have amazing views of the city and can see the ramparts, casemates and people call it “the most beautiful balcony in Europe”. It was my first view of Luxembourg when I got off the bus from the airport and I instantly fell in love with the city.
Notre Dame Cathedral
It was originally built in 1613 and is now the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Luxembourg. The interior is in a neo-gothic style and is a must visit while you are in the city.
Grand Ducal Palace
It is situated in the middle of the old town and is the city residence of the Grand Ducal. When it was originally built it was the first town hall of the city. It is open to visit every day from 14 July to 1 September between 10am and 5pm and costs 14 Euros. You need to book in advance as it is done by guided tours.
Luxembourg City Museum
The museum shows the culture and heritage of Luxembourg through the years. You will be also able to find out why Luxembourg City is a UNESCO site and the importance of it. It is open Tuesday to Sunday from 10am to 6pm and on Thursdays you can enter for free between 6pm to 8pm. Entrance to the museum is 5 Euros.
Free Walking Tour
If you enjoy walking tours of cities, then there are a few free walking tours that you can join that will tell you the history of Luxembourg and Luxembourg City.
Grand duke jean Museum of Modern Art (MUDAM)
Is located a short walk from the city center of Luxembourg and is worth visiting just for the views and grounds outside the museum. Once inside the museum you will find exhibitions of contemporary art. It is open Wednesday to Monday from 10am to 6pm (Wednesday it closes at 9pm) and costs 8 Euros. If you go between 6pm – 9pm on Wednesday then entrance is free.
Luxembourg things to do Day 2
If you have two days in Luxembourg, then I recommend spending your first day exploring Luxembourg City as per the itinerary above. The second day I would then leave the city to explore some of the many castles that fill the countryside of Luxembourg.
The most popular to visit is Vianden and if you do not have a car, it is easy to get public transport from Luxembourg City.
Vianden Castle Luxembourg
If you visit Luxembourg in 2 days and there was only 1 castle you should see in Luxembourg then it is Vianden Luxembourg Castle. Vianden Castle from Luxembourg City is 52km and will take about 45 minutes by car or 1 hour 30 minutes by bus.
The castle is beautiful and has been well restored and costs 10 Euros to visit, I also decided to get the audio guide at 2 Euros and it was worth it to find out more history of the castle. The town below it is also beautiful and lovely to walk through. There is a ski lift further up the mountain if you want a view from higher up, though you can easily walk in about 20 minutes to the café at the top.
There is plenty of parking around the town on the streets if you have a car. If you don’t have a car then there are buses from Luxembourg City.
What to see in Luxembourg in 2 days, well Bourscheid Castle should be on your list, it was built in 1095 and is partly restored but mainly ruins. Entrance costs 7 Euros and now available is an audio guide for smart phone or tablet which costs 2 Euros. It is open every day from 1st April to 15th October 9.30am – 6pm and 16th October to 31st March from 11am to 4pm. I enjoyed exploring this castle and the views from it down the valley are amazing.
A Luxembourg 2 days itinerary needs to include Beaufort Castle which was built in the 11th century and here you can walk around the ruins of the medieval fortress. It costs 5 Euro and this includes an information leaflet. It is open every day from 27th March to 28th November from 9am to 6pm and it definitely worth visiting as the grounds are beautiful.
The renaissance castle next to it can be visited but only on a private tour Thursday to Sunday at 11am or 4pm and it’s best to book in advance. The cost of this tour is 10 Euros and includes access to the medieval castle too.
What to see in Luxembourg 3 Day Itinerary
Should you be lucky enough to have 3 days in Luxembourg then I would recommend going further afield to visit some of the other castles a bit further from Luxembourg City.
Clervaux Castle and Abbey
With three days in Luxembourg you have time to visit Clervaux, it is in the north of the country and a small town surrounding the castle. The castle holds 3 museums (Museum of the Battle of the Bulge, Museum of Models of Luxembourg Castles & photographic exhibition The Family of Man) which you can visit or you can just walk up to the castle and into the courtyard as I did. There is a church near the castle but the Abbey is at the top of the hill behind the church and is about a 15 minute walk. It is well worth the walk up to see it. You can either walk along the road or behind the church you will see a footpath you can follow.
Visit Luxembourg in 2 days then Wiltz Castle is an option, it dates back to 1573 and is now the National Museum of Brewing. You are able to walk into the courtyard and around the grounds if you don’t want to go into the museum.
If you are seeing Luxembourg in 3 days then my favourite of the time was Esch-Sur-Sure, it is certainly one of the cities to visit in Luxembourg. The view from the opposite hill of Esch Sur Sure is stunning. If you keep driving around the town there is on street parking or a few car parks as well.
Once you are parked then just follow the paths up the hill to the ruins on top of the hill in the middle of the town. The castle was built in the 13th century and there are only ruins left and it is free to enter. If you climb the hill on the opposite side and follow the path, you get a great view of the town and of the ruins.
Larochette castle is another one of the things to see in Luxembourg, it is a ruin now but was originally built in the 11th century. The ruins that we see today have been like this since the castle was destroyed by a fire in 1565. One of the houses on the site has been restored to give you an idea of how the castle once looked. It is only a ten minute walk from the town centre and worth a visit.
It is possible to get there by public transport from Luxemourg City. It costs 5 euros and is open every day from 14 March to 31 October from 10am to 6pm.
Bourglinster Castle was built in the 11th century, it is now a restaurant, but you are still able to walk around the grounds and into the courtyard.
Places to visit in Luxembourg Day 4
If you have a bit longer in Luxembourg then I would definitely recommend visiting the area of Echternach, this area is known for it’s hiking trails and beautiful woodlands.
If you have 4 days in Luxembourg then it is great to see a bit of the countryside and do some hiking. There are so many hikes to choose from in different areas of the country but the most popular are around Echternach. I decided to do part of the Mullerthal trail. It is split into 3 routes, all around 37/38km long, but you are able to do part of them too and get the bus back to Echternach. I hiked about 22km from Echternach to Hersberg and caught the bus back. It was a beautiful walk, though tough in places and after 22km I was ready to call it a day. As I had finished around 5.30pm, I decided to have dinner in Echternach, see the cathedral and have an ice cream before heading back to my hostel.
It is possible to get the bus from Luxembourg City to Echternach and do either part of the Mullernthal trail or do the E1 trail which is 12km long and starts and finishes in Echternach.
Day trips from Luxembourg Day 5
As I had 3 days in Luxembourg city and had seen everything I wanted to see in Luxembourg city within a day, I asked the hostel what I could do as a day trip from Luxembourg and they suggested exploring Trier. It is just across the border in Germany and is the oldest city in Germany. It is very beautiful and if you have an extra day then well worth a visit. It is only 50 minutes by train from Luxembourg City and the town is easily seen in a day. The most famous things to see are Porta Nigra (Black Gate) and the Market Square.
Where to stay during your Two Days in Luxembourg
Most people who visit Luxembourg stay in Luxembourg City, there are lots of options of hotels in the city. Click here to see hotels in Luxembourg City.
There is actually only one hostel in Luxembourg City so this is where I stayed, Youth Hostel Luxembourg City. It is a big hostel but clean and the cheapest option and in a really good location. Click here for more details.
For more options on where to stay in Luxembourg City, read my Guide to the best hotels in Luxembourg City.
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