Best things to do in Luxembourg City in one day

by ilive4travel

Published on Jun 5, 2019

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Things to do in Luxembourg City in one day

When I booked Luxembourg I thought I would need 2 days to see Luxembourg City, but really you can see everything within the city in 1 day unless you intend to visit a few of the museums.  There are also trips which can be done outside the city to Echternach for hiking and Vianden to see the castle, which can be done by bus or car.  I spent a total of 5 days in Luxembourg but you could see most things in 2 or 3 days.

Where is Luxembourg

Luxembourg is a small landlocked country in Europe.  It is surrounded by Belgium, Germany and France.  70% of it’s population is foreign as it is a big centre for banking and the European Union.  It has a population of 530,000.  It has 3 official languages Luxembourgish, French & German, though English is spoken throughout too.

I flew in from England to Luxembourg city, it has a small airport and I stayed at the Hostelling International Youth Hostel in the city, its a great location and only about a 10 minute walk to the centre of town.  Click here for more details and prices.

From the airport you get the number 16 bus to Hamilius stop which is 5 minutes walk from the Place d’Armes and 15 minutes walk from the hostel.

As I walked down towards the hostel near the Bock Casemates, I got my first view of the city, part of it is perched on top of a hill with a valley going around it, just stunning.  Within an hour of arriving I was already in love with the city.

The Grund Luxembourg City

I then continued down to the hostel.  I ate most nights in the Youth Hostel as they had a restaurant and the price of food was much cheaper than eating in town.  They also had a few local dishes as specials on a few of the nights I was there, so I could try the local dishes without having to go to expensive restaurants.

Unfortunately my first night I didn’t get much sleep as some lads in the room next to us, decided to party until 4am, the joys of hostel life!! I could still hear them despite the ear plugs, which I always use when sleeping in a dorm room.

What to do in Luxembourg City in one day

The Grund Luxembourg City

After breakfast, I walked down to the river from the hostel and walked along the river to the Grund area of the old town.  The views were stunning and you could just make out the holes in the wall of the Bock Casemates.

View of the casemates from the river Luxembourg City

This part of the Grund is dominated by the former Abbey of Neumunster, which is now a cultural centre.

The Grund Luxembourg City

I then crossed the bridge and into the heart of the Grund where I walked around the old streets before climbing up to Rham Plateaux.  Here the old military barracks have been converted into social institutions and you can also see some of the ruins of the old wall that was around this area.

view from Rham Plateaux of Luxembourg City

The view across the valley to the corniche and Citadel de Espirit is stunning, from here you can see the walls built around the city and the Bock Casemates.

Bock Casemates

After exploring this area and enjoying the views, I walked back down and across the valley to visit the Casemates Luxembourg City (a UNESCO world heritage site), it is 7 Euro’s to visit. It was built in 1644 by the Spanish and was originally 23km long!! Now you get to see only 110m in length though on a few different levels.  It seems quite a big area when you are down there and it is quite easy to get lost though you are given a map when you enter.  It is worth a visit though and it has great views down to the Grund.

The Bock Casemates Luxembourg opening hours are 10am – 8.30pm from 1st April to 30 September and 10am – 5.30pm 1 March to 31 March and 1 October to 3 November.

Inside the Bock Casemates at Luxembourg City

Chemin de la Corniche Luxembourg City

Next I walked along the Chemin de la Corniche which goes from the Bock Casemates around part of the city, giving amazing views down into the valley below and up around the National Archives buildings which were a former Prussian Military Hospital.  It is basically a wall that goes around the old city and there is a path you can walk along around most of it that still exists today.

Chemin de la Corniche


The Notre Dame Cathedral is located on the outskirts of the old town near the Adolphe bridge.  The first stone was laid in 1613 and it was renamed the Notre Dame Cathedral in 1870.  It is the only Cathedral in Luxembourg.

Cathedral to the Blessed Virgin Luxembourg City

Across the road from the cathedral is Constitution Square where there stands the Gelle Fra Memorial erected in 1923 in memory of the Luxembourgish soldiers who fell during the two world wars and the Korean War.

Gelle Fra Memorial

Place d’Armes

The Place d’Armes, a bustling area of the town, where lots of people just hang out, with lots of restaurants and a market on Saturday mornings.  It really is the heart of the city with some beautiful buildings to admire.

Place d'Armes Luxembourg City

hop-on hop-off bus tour of luxembourg city

Luxembourg city has a sightseeing bus that you can do with 10 stops around the city.  It departs every 20 minutes daily from 10am to 6pm (8pm on weekends).  The bus has an audio guide in 8 languages and the ticket is valid for 24 hours.  It has stops around the old town for the Notre Dame Cathedral, it goes near the train station, into the new areas of Luxembourg City, Villa Vauban, Museum of Modern Art.

For more details and to buy your ticket online, click here.

Place Guillaume II

The tourist office is located in Place Guillaume II, just around the corner from the Place d’armes.  They have a great leaflet on a self guided tour that you can do around the city.

Place Guillaume II was named after the King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg, it is quite big with lots of restaurants and outside seating and it is a beautiful place to relax and watch the world go by.

Place Guillaume II Luxembourg City

national museum of art & history

The National Museum of Art & History has a large archaeological section which has mainly come from excavations in Dalheim and Titelberg.  The art section of the museum has art work dating from the 18th to 20th century.

It is closed on Mondays and open Tuesday to Sunday from 10am to 6pm, except Thursdays when it is open until 8pm.

The permanent exhibitions are free, though the temporary exhibitions cost 7 Euro to visit.


If you enjoy cycling then you can do a 2 hour tour of Luxembourg City.  You explore the old town and most beautiful parts of Luxembourg City.  The tour is offered in English, French and German.

Click here for more details and prices.

Palace of the Grand Dukes (Palais Grand-Ducal)

Around the corner from the Place Guillaume II is the Palace of the Grand Dukes, the oldest part was built in 1572 and it was fully restored in the 1990’s.  It’s a beautiful building and you get to see a guard standing guard outside.

Palais Grand Ducal Luxembourg City

fort thungen and the museum of modern art

From the palace you can walk along Avenue Pescatore and to the Panoramic lift that was built and takes you down to the valley below.  From there you can walk across the old bridge and there is also a building there with a video showing the history of the area.  You can then climb the steps on the other side of the road to get up to Fort Thungen.  In the grounds here is the Museum of Modern Art and also a Museum of the Fort.

Fort Thungen and the museum of modern art Luxembourg City

The Museum of Modern Art is closed Tuesdays and open Wednesday to Monday from 10am to 6pm, though on Wednesdays it is open till 9pm.  It costs 8 Euros to visit, though on Wednesdays from 6pm to 9pm it is free.

Click here to buy your tickets in advance for the Museum of Modern Art.

The Museum of Fort Thungen is closed on Mondays and open Tuesday to Sunday from 10am to 6pm, though on Wednesdays it is open till 8pm.  The permanent exhibitions are free, though the temporary exhibitions are 5 Euros (free on Wednesdays from 5pm to 8pm).

If you want to read more about what to do while visiting Luxembourg then read my blog on Luxembourg in 1, 2 or 3 days here

Where to stay when visiting Luxembourg City

For a Guide on where to stay when visiting Luxembourg City, click here.

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Read my blog about what to do in Luxembourg City in a day



——-  About me ——-

girl sat on some wooden stairs wearing a black jumper

Clare from Ilive4travel

Hi my name is Clare and welcome to ilive4travel.  I am originally from the UK but spend most of my time in Peru, the country that caught my heart.

I have visited 73 countries and love to share with you everything I have learnt about these countries in my guides.


  1. Julie Charlton

    Its looks lovely. You appear to have had lovely weather as well. Not a country I had thought of visiting but perhaps it may go on the agenda. Enjoy Germany.

  2. Megan

    Thanks for the peek into your day in Luxembourg City. And the photos are wonderful!

  3. Medha Verma

    I have’t thought about visiting Luxembourg. Maybe I will combine it with another country in Europe if it can be covered in a day. Any suggestions on where I can take a day-trip from?

    • ilive4travel

      I think the easiest way would be to fly in, but you would probably want to spend one night. There is lots to do in Luxembourg, not just Luxembourg City, so if you went for a few days, you could get there from Brussels, France or a few cities in the South West of Germany too 🙂

  4. Anne

    This really takes me back in time. I visited when I was 19 and living in Brussels. I had no idea where I would stay, no phone, no internet and no money but damn, I wanted to see that castle, still remember partying in the local bar with a bunch of people I’d never met before

  5. Skye

    What a beautiful city. I can’t believe I haven’t been here yet. You really saw a lot in the short time you were there. These photos bring back memories of other cute European cities, but Ljubljana in particular. Great guide.

  6. Jenn and Ed Coleman

    I keep hearing that Luxembourg is a good, full day tour. It seems like a busy day, filled with a lot of walking and touring but very rewarding. Your pictures of the castle were stunning.

  7. Kevan

    It almost looks fairy tale like. I love history and would be interested in including a stop in Luxembourg on a trip through Europe now. It sounds like it was a very nice day.

  8. Jennifer

    Those hill-top views truly are stunning! Luxembourg looks well laid out and great for beautiful walks. I could take photos of the old stone work all day!

  9. Nina

    This guide is super useful! Love the pictures from Bock Casemates, hadn’t heard of it before and now I totally want to go!

  10. Claire

    I really want to visit Luxembourg. Looks so beautiful and I would love to explore the castles there

  11. Christina

    What a cute city! We were so close to visiting when we were in Europe last summer. It looks like we missed out, especially since you say one day is more than enough. Beautiful pictures!

  12. Bethanny Sudibyo

    Thanks for sharing your experience in Luxembourg! I’ve never been there, but I hope I can make it there one day and retrace your steps. How was the cost for traveling in Luxembourg?

    • ilive4travel

      It’s quite expensive to travel in Luxembourg. I stayed in a hostel and it was around 30 Euros a night for a dorm room and it also cost around 120 euro for a car for 3 days. Food is between 15-20 euros for a meal 🙂

  13. Elena

    Interesting! I have never thought of Luxembourg as a tourist place, more like of a bunch of boring accountants, finance people and bankers :)))

    • ilive4travel

      It’s a beautiful country to visit 🙂

  14. Halley Wright

    This town looks adorable! I like that you wrote about Luxembourg, I haven’t come across many blogs that do! I want to visit someday.

  15. Becca Talbot

    I previously have been to Denmark in a day – but never considered Luxembourg. Thanks for sharing, this could be exactly what I need to complete my 30 before 30 challenge! X

  16. Brianna

    I wish I would have known you could see most of Luxembourg City in one day! I debated on whether or not I should stop by when I was in Europe in the spring, but decided against it thinking I wouldn’t have enough time!

  17. Natha

    Wow– the city looks gorgeous. And I can’t believe how much you did in one day. I’d really like to visit myself one day soon.

  18. Cristina Luisa

    Luxembourg looks lovely! I haven’t been there, but (obviously) would love to! Thanks for the informative post and great pictures.

    P.S. I hear you about the rambunctious partiers at hostels!


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