Luxembourg is a very small country, only 51 miles long by 35 miles wide and you can see a lot in 1, 2 or 3 days.
I spent a total of 5 days in Luxembourg and one of those days I did a day trip to Germany as I had allocated 2 days to see Luxembourg City but unless you are planning on visiting a few museums then only 1 day is needed.
Here is my intinerary and what I would recommend if you only have a few days in the country.
I would recommend if you have only 1 day in the country, then to spend that day exploring Luxembourg City, it is a beautiful city and one I fell in love with in minutes.
You can visit the Bock Casemates, walk the Chemin de la Corniche, see the old town, visit a fort, there are also lots of museums to visit too.
As I had seen everything I wanted to see in Luxembourg city within a day, I asked the hostel what I could do for the day and they suggested exploring Trier. It is just across the border in Germany and is the oldest city in Germany. It is very beautiful and if you have an extra day then well worth a visit. It is only 50 minutes by train from Luxembourg City and the town is easily seen in a day. The most famous things to see are Porta Nigra and the Market Square.
I picked up a car from the airport and decided to have a day visiting castles. My first castle was Bourscheid Castle, built in 1095 and partly restored but mainly ruins. It costs 5 Euros and includes an audio guide.
I then drove up to Clervaux in the north of the country and walked around the bottom of the castle before hiking to the top of hill to see the Abbey. The castle holds 3 museums which you can visit or you can just walk up to the castle and into the courtyard as I did. There is a church near the castle but the Abbey is at the top of the hill behind the church and is about a 15 minute walk. It is well worth the walk up to see.
I then made my way south to Wiltz and to see the castle. The castle is now the National Museum of Brewing, but you are able to walk into the courtyard and around the grounds.
My favourite of the day was Esch-Sur-Sure, because of the view from the opposite hill. I parked the car and then walked up to the ruins on top of the hill in the middle of the town. The castle was built in the 13th century and there are only ruins left. If you climb the hill on the opposite side and follow the path, you get a great view of the town and of the ruins.
I decided that I wanted to see a bit of the country and do some hiking, so I decided to do part of the Mullerthal trail. It is split into 3 routes, all around 37/38km long, but you are able to do part of them too and get the bus back to Echternach. I hiked about 22km from Echternach to Hersberg and caught the bus back. It was a beautiful walk, though tough in places and after 22km I was ready to call it a day. As I had finished around 5.30pm, I decided to have dinner in Echternach, see the cathedral and have an ice cream before heading back to my hostel. As I arrived back in Bourglinster while it was still light I decided to go and explore Bourglinster Castle. This is now a restaurant, but you are still able to walk around the grounds and into the courtyard.
This was my final day with the car and so I decided to see the rest of the castles I had missed. I had deliberately left the castle everyone had said I must see if there was only 1 castle I would see in Luxembourg and that is Vianden Castle. The castle is beautiful and has been well restored and costs 7 Euros to visit, I also decided to get the audio guide at 2 Euros and it was worth it, to find out more history of the castle. The town too is so beautiful and lovely to walk through. There is a ski lift up the mountain, though you can easily walk from the castle in about 20 minutes to the café at the top.
I then drove to Beaufort Castle, here you can walk around the ruins of the castle built in the 11th century. The renaissance castle next to it can be visited but only on a private tour at certain times of the week and must be booked in advance.
My final castle of the day was Larochette, another ruin built originally in the 11th century. It is only a ten minute walk from the town and worth a visit. It was then back to the airport to drop off the car before heading back to Luxembourg City for my final night.
If you only have 1 day in Luxembourg
If you only have 1 day in Luxembourg then, Luxembourg City is a must see. There is enough to keep you busy for the day.
2 days in Luxembourg
If you have 2 days then on your second day I would say you must visit Vianden. It is possible to get the bus to Vianden from Luxembourg City. If you have a car then you could also visit some of the other castles I have mentioned in the same day.
3 days in Luxembourg
If you have 3 days then for the extra day I would do a hike. There are so many to choose from in different areas of the country but the most popular are around Echternach. It is possible to get the bus from Luxembourg City to Echternach and do either part of the Mullernthal trail or do the E1 trail which is 12km long and starts and finishes in Echternach.
If you are not into hiking then I would you could either go see some more castles or go to Trier in Germany for the day, it is a beautiful city.
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